Is My Website Accessible?
You know how important accessibility is, but now what?
04.27.2016 Technology and Innovation
Drupal 8 theming can be irksome with cache-rebuilding and browser refreshing, especially with responsive design. Wouldn’t it be great if you could just open your site on three different devices and have them update live as you edit your theme?
Let me introduce you to Browsersync. Browsersync is a module for Node.js that allows you to sync your changes across browsers and devices.
This article assumes you have a working install of Drupal 8 and a theme in place. If you don’t, check out Joe Komenda’s post, Up and Theming with Drupal 8. This will get you going.
Once you have D8 installed, you’ll need to turn off caching. Rename
sites/example.settings.local.php. You can rename the files with editor of choice, if you prefer, or run the following command from your site root :
$ cp sites/example.settings.local.php sites/default/settings.local.php
To be sure your changes are included, we’ll need to enable Drupal’s Null Cache Service. Uncomment the following line
$settings['container_yamls'] = DRUPAL_ROOT . '/sites/development.services.yml';
Next, let’s disable the render cache and dynamic page cache. Uncomment the following in the same file.
$settings['cache']['bins']['render'] = 'cache.backend.null'; $settings['cache']['bins']['dynamic_page_cache'] = 'cache.backend.null';
Finally, add the following to
parameters: twig.config: debug : true auto_reload: true cache: false
drush cr from the root of your site to rebuild the cache.
Browsersync is installed using Node Package Manager (NPM). If you already have Node.js, then you already have NPM. If you don’t have it installed, head over to nodejs.org.
Once Node.js and NPM are set up, install Browsersync with
npm install -g browser-sync. This will install it globally so that you don’t have to reinstall it every time you spin up a new project. Test that your installation is working by running
browser-sync -h in your terminal. That should show all the usage, commands, and options for the plugin.
Let’s make the magic happen by connecting Drupal and Browsersync. Go to the root of your Drupal theme folder. Run
browser-sync start. Browsersync will generate a script tag for you to place just before the closing body tag. Browser sync also has UI. You’ll see a URL for your localhost and one for sharing the connection to other devices on the same network.
Let’s add the script tag to your
html.html.twig file just above closing
</body> tag. This will add a connection to your Drupal environment and Browsersync.
Since Drupal will most likely be running on a local server configured by your LAMP stack, you’ll need to run Browsersync with the proxy option. Run
browser-sync start --proxy <your site localhost> in your terminal. For example, if your site is running at http://mysite.dev then use
browswersync start --proxy mysite.dev Your browser will open automatically to http://localhost:3000. Now you should see “Connected to BrowswerSync” in the top right of your browser.
Although Browswersync and Drupal are connected, we need to watch for changes. Let’s run Browsersync with the the
--files option. We’ll watch changes to our CSS file and have it automatically update the browser with our changes. In your terminal run:
$ browswer-sync start --proxy mysite.dev --files "css/*.css" --no-inject-changes
This command tells Browswersync to start and watch for changes to files with the
.css extension in the
css directory. The
--no-inject-changes option tells Browsersync to refresh the browser window instead of just injecting a new version of the stylesheet. Injecting the changes won’t work because of the way Drupal imports our stylesheets. We need to reload to get the new version.
Try opening your site in Chrome, Firefox, and even on your mobile device browser. Once you make a change, you should see all of them automatically update.
Browsersync is a great tool for fast development and syncing your changes across multiple devices without having to manually reload each one. I recommend integrating Browswersync with your task manager of choice. Here are some resources to help you integrate with Grunt or Gulp:
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And, why you shouldn't allow users to input a SQL operator!